Meet Sutton Vane , great-granddaddy of the afterlife drama.
Sutton Vane, the son of a British acting family who signed up to fight in World War I and was sent home with a severe case of shell shock . As part of his personal therapy Vane wrote a play about a limbo state where the souls of recently deceased individuals await their final judgment.
Outward Bound / Between Two Worlds set the template for many of the films featured in the Library’s current film series, "Beyond this Vale of Tears: Hollywood visits the Afterlife."
Vane’s play is about seven individuals who find themselves in the lounge of an ocean liner at sea. Though they recollect their individual histories, none can explain why they’re on this boat or how they got there.
The group represent a cross section of British society, among them an Anglican minister, an overinflated politician, a grand dame in the Maggie Smith mold, a lower-class charwoman.
Slowly it dawns on them that they’re all...gasp...dead. A character called the Examiner shows up to decide who’s going to heaven and who to hell.
Vane obviously viewed Outward Bound as much more than a play. Having been driven to the brink of madness by the proximity of death on the battlefield – and having recovered enough to return as an actor in USO-type shows that sometimes were performed while artillery shells fell nearby – Vane had many demons to exorcise.
So when the theatrical establishment rejected his baby, he self-produced it for about $600, personally building and painting the scenery.
The gamble paid off. The production became the hit of the 1923 London season; the next year it opened on Broadway, playing for 144 performances.
The cast was packed with faces familiar to war-time moviegoers: John Garfield  as cynical war correspondent Tom Prior, Paul Henreid  and Sydney Greenstreet  (both fresh from the triumphant Casablanca ), Eleanor Parker , Edmund Gwenn  (who three years later would achieve screen immortality as Kris Kringle in Miracle on 34th Street ) and George Coulouris  (Citizen Kane ).
Fuchs also brought the story up to date, making several of the confused passengers victims of a German bomb that fell on London during an air raid.
And unlike the play, where the characters can only talk about their past lives, the film allowed Fuchs and director Edward A. Blatt  to show their stories in flashback.
See Bob's general introduction to the Beyond This Vale of Tears film series .
Other films in the series “Beyond This Vale of Tears: Hollywood Visits the Afterlife”
Saturdays at 1:30 p.m.:
- December 3: Stairway to Heaven  (1946) Not rated
- December 10: Between Two Worlds  (1944) Not rated
- December 17: Hereafter  (2010) Rated PG-13
- December 24: Heaven Can Wait  (1978) Rated PG
- December 31: Monty Python’s The Meaning of Life  (1983) Rated R
Mondays at 6:30 p.m.:
- December 5: A Guy Named Joe  (1943) Not rated
- December 12: What Dreams May Come  (1998) Rated PG-13
- December 19: The Lovely Bones  (2009) Rated PG-13
- December 26: Defending Your Life  (1991) Rated PG
Admission to these films is free.
About the Author
Robert W. Butler  is a lifelong Kansas City area resident, a graduate of Shawnee Mission East High School and the William Allen White School of Journalism at the University of Kansas. For several decades he was the movie editor of the Kansas City Star; he now writes a movie-themed blog at butlerscinemascene.com . He's married to the former Ellen Vaughan; they are the proud parents of LA-based comedian, writer, director and TV personality Blair Butler. He used to be a dog person but now lives with two cats, thus demonstrating the flexibility of the human condition.