Aviation Takes Off
On August 17, 1927, a jubilant crowd of 25,000 gathered at the site of the present-day Charles B. Wheeler Downtown Airport to listen to speeches given by Charles Lindbergh and city officials in order to dedicate Municipal Airport. Several Kansas City leaders, including a previously-skeptical City Manager Henry F. McElroy, had flown in from old Richards Field in Raytown and landed on the soggy turf known as "Peninsula field," just north of downtown Kansas City. Then, famed aviator Charles Lindbergh landed in his plane, the Spirit of St. Louis, and ushered in a new era of aviation in Kansas City.
At the time, Lindbergh was enjoying unparalleled adulation just three months after his sensational solo non-stop flight across the Atlantic; the first flight of its kind. His stop in Kansas City was a part of his celebratory trip across America to promote the potential for aviation to become a mainstream, safe, and economical method of travel and trade. During his speech, Lindbergh mused that Kansas City could become the most important hub of American aviation due to its central location and the new airport's close proximity to downtown.
All of the 1927 fanfare was possible due in large part to the efforts of Lou Holland, the president of the Kansas City Chamber of Commerce since 1925. Upon assuming this post, Holland became aware of the U.S. Army's plans to remove its aviation operations from the Kansas City area due to the substandard condition of and limited space allocated to Richards Field. Holland reasoned that a new airport could keep the army in Kansas City. More radically, he foresaw an era in which airplanes would partially displace trucks and trains in the transport of people and goods. This was a bold vision to emerge from a time when airplanes were seen as the tools of daredevil barnstormers and risky military operations.
City Manager McElroy first dismissed Holland's requests for an airport off-hand with his belief that flying was a fad that would disappear as crashes and deaths mounted. McElroy's opposition soon subsided, however as two events fell into place. First, the Army Air Corps Reserve Officers' Association recommended a site for the new airport on the peninsula connected to Kansas City by the second Hannibal Bridge. Second, it came to the attention of political boss Tom Pendergast that the runways and terminal at a new airport would require extraordinary amounts of concrete - a demand he was more than willing to supply with the services of his Ready Mixed Concrete Company.
Now with the support of the city officials, Lou Holland was able to bring Charles Lindbergh to Kansas City to promote development of the new airport grounds, which had yet to be improved. After Lindbergh's 1927 visit, the city raised a million dollars in bonds and constructed concrete runways and a $60,000 airport "station" that was among the best air terminals in the nation. On the dedication day, revelers simply called the airport "New Richards Field" or "Peninsula Field." It was soon officially named, "Municipal Airport," a title which it kept until it was renamed the "Kansas City Downtown Airport" in 1977 and then the "Charles B. Wheeler Downtown Airport" in 2002.
Lindbergh's prediction that Kansas City would become the center of American aviation came true, for a time. When the airline, Transcontinental and Western Air (later known as TWA) searched for a new city for its new headquarters, the company consulted Lindbergh, among others. Lou Holland once again intervened to remind Lindbergh of his earlier prediction for Kansas City's future. Lindbergh accordingly reaffirmed his opinion about Kansas City's advantages. In 1931, the future TWA moved its headquarters to Kansas City, and Municipal Airport assumed the self-proclaimed title, the "Air Hub of America."
Municipal Airport hosted commercial air service to Kansas City until the opening of the Kansas City International Airport in 1972. By then, Municipal Airport was too small to accommodate the larger jet planes that the airlines were then using. Today, the Wheeler Downtown Airport continues to serve private air traffic from businesses and individuals while Kansas City International accommodates the larger commercial traffic. Kansas City has since been supplanted as a major hub of American aviation, but in the early decades of commercial aviation the Municipal Airport and TWA kept Kansas City in the lead.
Read full biographical sketches of people involved with the creation of Municipal Airport, prepared for the Missouri Valley Special Collections, the Kansas City Public Library.
- Biography of Albert Isaac Beach (1883-1939), former mayor of Kansas City, Missouri, by Nancy J. Hulston.
- Biography of Lou Holland (1878-1960), advocate of Kansas City aviation, by Janice Lee.
- Biography of Henry Francis McElroy (1865-1939), City Manager, by Nancy J. Hulston.
View images associated with Municipal Airport that are a part of the Missouri Valley Special Collections:
- Charles A. Lindbergh standing beside his airplane, Spirit of St. Louis
- Charles Lindbergh's plane, the Spirit of St. Louis, in Kansas City
- Aerial View Downtown Kansas City; old postcard with Municipal Air Terminal visible
- Charles and Anne Lindbergh posed with police officers near airplane
- Charles Lindbergh and Anne Morrow standing near plane, 1929
- Municipal Airport, Passenger Station, 1927; with accompanying historical article
- Postcard of Municipal Airport Passenger Station, night view, 1930; with accompanying historical note
- Parade Honoring Charles Lindbergh, 1927
- Municipal Airport with the Kansas City skyline in the background, 1939
- Airplane and Terminal Building, at Night
- Airport Scene, bleachers, circa 1930
- Fox Flying House aircraft at Municipal Airport
- Aerial view of Municipal Airport
- Exterior view of the TWA entrance at Municipal Airport, 1964
- Airplane and fuel truck at Municipal Airport, 1955
- Municipal Airport Control Center, 1942
- Municipal Airport during Flood, 1927
- Municipal Airport Future Site, circa 1920; shows the second Hannibal Bridge in the background
- Municipal Airport Station Groundbreaking, 1929
- Municipal Airport Waiting Area, 1959
- Unidentified people at airport dedication, 1929
- Speakers and Crowd at airport's 30th anniversary celebration
Check out the following books about Municipal Airport held by the Kansas City Public Library:
- Aviator's (Year-Book) Souvenir, 1927-1937, for Everybody Everywhere: In Memoriam and Things to be Remembered from the Kansas City Municipal Airport, by J.M. Dodson, 1937.
- A Century of Kansas City Aviation History: The Dreamers and the Doers, by George R. Bauer, 1999.
- When Dreams Take Flight: Celebrating the History of Aviation in Kansas City - 70 years, Kansas City Downtown Airport, 25 years, Kansas City International Airport, by Ingram's magazine, 1997.
- Kansas City, America's Crossroads: Essays from the Missouri Historical Review, 1906-2006, edited by Lynn Wolf Gentzler and Gary R. Kremer; contains the essay, "'Nearest by Air to Everywhere': Aviation Promotion in Kansas City, 1925-1931," by Kevin C. McShane.
Continue researching Municipal Airport using archival material held by the Missouri Valley Special Collections:
- Vertical File: Lindbergh, Charles A.
- Vertical File: Airports--Municipal.
- SC63, Lindbergh, Charles A.; postcards and mail associated with Lindbergh's 1927 visit to KC.
- SC63, Airports-Municipal; contains programs from the airport dedication.
- Microfilm: Native Sons Scrapbooks, Roll 9: Local Aviation; includes information about local leaders in aviation.
- Kansas City (Mo.) Aviation Department Photograph Collection Finding Aid.
Dory DeAngelo, What About Kansas City!: A Historical Handbook (Kansas City, MO: Two Lane Press, Inc., 1995), 70.
Henry C. Haskell and Richard B. Fowler, City of the Future: A Narrative History of Kansas City, 1850-1950 (Kansas City, MO: Frank Glenn Publishing, 1950), 143-145.
R.S. Kirkendall, A History of Missouri. Volume V, 1919 to 1953 (Columbia, MO: University of Missouri Press, 1971), 81.
Rick Montgomery & Shirl Kasper, Kansas City: An American Story (Kansas City, MO: Kansas City Star Books, 1999), 208, 209, 230, 232.
About the Author
|Dr. Jason Roe is a digital history specialist and editor for the Library’s digitization and encyclopedia website project, Civil War on the Western Border: The Missouri-Kansas Conflict, 1854-1865. He earned a doctorate in American history from the University of Kansas in May 2012 and is the author of the Library’s popular “This Week in Kansas City History” column. For assistance with general local history questions, please contact the Missouri Valley Special Collections.|