Primary Sources

ACLU Papers logo

For most of the twentieth century the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) was the principal defender of the rights that citizens can assert against government. This important collection of papers spans the majority of the twentieth century, from 1912 to 1990. Subjects include: the first “Red Scare” following the Russian Revolution of 1917; debates in the 1920s on immigration; the American Birth Control League; lynchings in the 1930s; debates on aliens and immigrants in the years immediately preceding the U.S.

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American Indian Correspondence: Presbyterian Historical Society Collection of Missionaries' Letters, 1833-1893

American Indian Correspondence is a collection of almost 14,000 letters written by those who served as Presbyterian missionaries to the American Indians during the years from 1833 to 1893.

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American Indian Histories and Cultures

Spanning four centuries and covering North and Central America, American Indian Histories and Cultures presents unique materials from one of the finest archival collections on American Indian history and culture available – the Edward E. Ayer Collection at the Newberry Library in Chicago. From early contacts between European settlers and American Indians and the subsequent political, social and cultural effects of those encounters on American Indian life, these materials tell both the historical and the personal stories of the colonization of the Americas.

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The American West

In the story of the American West, tales of frontier life, of Native Americans and of vigilantes and outlaws are of constant interest, and are matched by more recent interest in the growth of urban centres, the environmental impact of westward expansion and of life in the borderlands. The Graff Collection, from the Newberry Library in Chicago, is a unique resource which will allow scholars to explore all of these areas and more.

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Archives of Sexuality & Gender logo

This archive illuminates the experiences not just of the LGBTQ community as a whole, but of individuals of different races, ethnicities, ages, religions, political orientations, and geographical locations that constitute this community. Historical records of political and social organizations founded by LGBTQ individuals are featured, as well as publications by and for lesbians and gays, and extensive coverage of governmental responses to the AIDS crisis. The archive also contains personal correspondence and interviews with numerous LGBTQ individuals, among others.

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Archives Unbound

Archives Unbound presents topically-focused digital collections of historical documents that support the research and study needs of scholars and students at the college and university level. Collections cover a broad range of topics from the Middle Ages forward-from Witchcraft to World War II to twentieth-century political history.

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China, America and the Pacific

Explore an extensive range of archival material connected to the trading and cultural relationships that emerged between China, America and the Pacific region between the 18th and early 20th centuries. Manuscript sources, rare printed texts, visual images, objects and maps document this fascinating history.

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Civil War in Words and Deeds

The Civil War in Words and Deeds offers regimental histories and personal narratives which constitute a source of great historical value. These first-person accounts, compiled in the postwar period and early 20th Century period, chronicle the highs and lows of army life from 1861 through 1865.

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Eighteenth Century Collections Online
  • Over 180,000 titles (200,000 volumes)
  • Includes books, pamphlets, essays, broadsides and more
  • Based on the English Short Title Catalogue
  • Works published in the UK during the 18th century plus thousands from elsewhere

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Empire Online

Empire Online brings together manuscript, printed and visual primary source materials for the study of 'Empire' and its theories, practices and consequences.

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